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Застольные беседы (речи) Мартина Лютера 1566г репринт оригинала Luthers Tischreden Немецкий Готический шрифт
Martin Luther died on the 18th of February, 1546, and the first publication of his "Table Talk"-Tischreden-by his friend, Johann Goldschmid (Aurifaber), was in 1566, in a substantial folio. The talk of Luther was arranged, according to its topics, into eighty chapters, each with a minute index of contents. The whole work in a complete octavo edition, published at Stuttgart and Leipzig in 1836, occupies 1,390 closely printed pages, equivalent to 2,780 pages, or full fourteen volumes, of this Library.


Копия репринт издания 1566 года около 1000 станиц толцина 10см , увеличенный формат , подарочное немецкое издание "Застольные беседы" ("Tischreden") Мартина Люгера собраны были его учеником Аурифабером (Aurifaber) - "Tischreden oder Colloquia Doct. Mart. Luthers" (Eisleben, 1566; критическое издание K. E. Forstemann u. H. E. Bindseil, 1845). Лютер подобно большинству своих современников отличался суеверием, верил в дьявола и свои религиозные сомнения и колебания всегда приписывал его искушению. В "Застольных беседах" Лютер неоднократно предостерегает от козней и искушений дьявола, пытающегося соблазнить людей. В гл. 24, 102 (Aurifaber) рассказывается история одного студента из Нюрнберга по имени Валерий Глокнер, который, промотав свое имущество, стал жертвой подобного искушения. Когда он остался без денег и печально бродил по улицам, к нему подошел незнакомый человек, который, расспросив его, предложил достать ему деньги, если он продаст ему свою душу. Договор студент должен был подписать своею кровью. Когда стало известно, что у студента неожиданно появились деньги из неведомого источника, Лютеру было сообщено об этом деле и вместе с университетским начальством он увещевал студента, наказав ему, как противиться дьяволу, после чего, по молитве Лютера, дьявол вернул студенту договор (как в легенде о Теофиле - по заступничеству богоматери) .AURIFABER, JOHANNES, OF WEIMAR (Vinariensis): German Lutheran divine, best known as a collector and editor of the writings of Luther; b. probably in the county of Mansfeld in 1519; d. at Erfurt Nov. 18, 1575. He began his studies at the University of Wittenberg in 1537, where he attached himself closely to Luther. From 1540 to 1544 he acted as tutor to the young count of Mansfeld and in the following year made the campaign against the French as field chaplain. In 1545 he went to live with Luther as his famulus and remained with him till the great reformer's death in the following year. In 1550 he became court preacher at Weimar and for the next ten years took a very prominent part in the internal quarrels of the followers of Luther, distinguishing himself as a zealous adherent of the so-called Gnesio-Lutheran faction. His extreme views caused his dismissal from the court of Weimar in 1561 and he removed to Eisleben where he began his series of Luther publications. In 1566 he became pastor at Erfurt, where he passed the rest of his life engaged in almost incessant strife with his colleagues. Aurifaber began collecting Lutherans, as early as 1540 and by 1553 he claimed to be in possession of 2,000 letters of the master. From 1553 to 1556 he was coeditor on the Jena edition of the works of Luther. In the latter year he published a volume of Latin letters by Luther and followed this with a second volume in 1565. In 1566 appeared his celebrated Tischreden und Colloquia D. M. Luthers, of which part only, that dealing with the last days cf the reformer, was based on notes taken by Aurifaber. The great mass of the work followed closely a collection of Luther's Table Talk prepared by Lauterbach as early as 1538 and subsequently revised by him. With Lauterbach's material Aurifaber incorporated much from other sources, displaying, however, little care in the collation of his texts or even in the logical arrangement of the sources. His compilation, therefore, has the value only of a secondary authority except for the memoranda of his own preservation. Without attempting deliberate falsification of his texts Aurifaber showed little hesitation in modifying the tone of Luther's discourse, so that his work should not be read without caution. It is more than probable that in many places he has sought to intensify Luther's characteristic homeliness of expression, with the result of lending to the book a spirit of gratuitous coarseness. Aurifaber derived great profit from the sale of collections of Luther's writings to the Protestant princes of Germany. Selections from Table-Talk:- Of God's Word. Of God's Works. Of the Nature of the World. Of the Lord Christ. Of Sin and of Free-will. Of the Catechism. Of the Law and the Gospel. Of Prayer. Of the Confession and Constancy of the Doctrine. Of Imperial Diets.

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